Türkçede odak alanı ve odak vurgusu üzerine deneysel bir çalışma: Adöbeği-ne-öbeği etkileşimi ve çoklu-ne yapıları
In this study, it is experimentally researched, in Turkish on condition that there exists more than one unit competing for bearing focal stress in a sentence, which unit will take stress and whether the constraints presented in literature on the order of these units are valid. Accordingly, by also following discussions in literature, sentences in which a wh-phrase and a focused noun phrase (FNP) collocate, and the sentences containing of more than one wh-phrase (multiple-wh structures) are examined. In this frame, grammatical judgement tests are carried out with participation of 32 informants. Results of the experimental studies performed on native Turkish speakers indicates that the order of these units is as [FNP … wh] in sentences consisting of a FNP and a wh-phrase as proposed in previous articles in literature. In the context of multiple-wh structures, [wh … WH] order, in which the right-most wh-phrase is stressed, is perceived as an unmarked order whereas [WH … wh] order, in which the first wh-phrase is stressed, is interpreted as marked order by the informants. The study also concludes this order can only be used in limited contexts (e.g, echo questions). In the highlight of these results, it is assessed that the focus field concept previously proposed for Turkish is needed to be revised.