7-11 yaş aile eğitim programının etkisinin anababalar ve çocuklar üzerinde değerlendirilmesi
This research evaluates the effectiveness of Ministry of National Education (MNE) 7 -11 Age Family Training Program (FTP) upon parents and children by using quasi-experimental design (Nexperimental=34; Ncontrol= 39). The program is composed of total 14 sessions. Baseline, post-test and one-year follow up test measurements were taken from experimental group whereas, baseline and post-test measurements were taken from control group. Within the measurements, parents filled Brief Symptom Inventory, Parenting Stress Instrument, Parenting Sense of Competence Scale, Coping with Children's Negative Emotions Scale, The McMaster Family Assessment Device and Child Behaviour Checklist for Ages 6-18 while children filled Children's Self Experience Questionnaire-Self Report and Children's Social Behaviour Scale-Self Report. According to findings after intervention, experimental group parents' psychological symptoms (U= 155.50, z= -4.99, p<.05) and parenting stress level (U= 313.50, z= -3.51, p<.05) significantly decreased whereas, parenting self-esteem (t(70)=3.94, p<.05), expressive encouragement (U= 316.50, z= -3.34, p<.05), problem-focused reactions (U=399.50, z=- 2.17, p<.05) significantly increased, compared with the control group. In addition, experimental group had significantly healthier family functions in terms of general functions (U= 332.50, z= -2.47, p<.05) compared with the control group. After intervention, children's in experimental group CBCL (6/18) total scores significantly decreased (U= 380.50, z= -2.68, p< .05) and emotion regulation skills significantly increased (F(1, 69)=15.14, p<.05) compared with the control group. In experimental group one-year follow-up results, program's short term effects on parents' psychological symptoms, parenting stress levels, parenting self-esteem levels, parents' emotion sociolization reactions except minimization reactions, family functions and children's emotional and behavioral problems maintained after one year. However, FTP's effect on children's emotion regulation didn't maintain in long term. On the other hand, FTP wasn't found to be effective on children's aggression in peer relations both in short and long term, was effective on reducing children's victimization level in peer relations only in long term. In conclusion, parents and children greatly benefited from that program.