Tabâtabâî'nin Kur'ân'ı tefsir yöntemi
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The tafsir of the Quran started with the Prophet Muhammed and has continued until today. After the death of Hz. Prophet (saw) different interpretations of the ayat and discussions on the issue of caliphate/imamat and scientific issues led to the emergence of different sects. One of those sects is İsna Aşeriyye which started to form in the seventh century.Tabâtabâî (1904-1981) is a scholar belonging to İsnâ Aşeriyya. Tabâtabâî is a contemporary commentator representing the Shiite tradition as well as being a philosopher. In his tafsir he succeeded in bringing Islamic Sciences Kalam, Fiqh, Sufism, etc. and Modern Sciences Philosophy, Sociology, History, Psychology together with fourteen centuries old Shia tradition and he was able to build bridges between different thoughts and approaches. It is extremely important to recognize Tabâtabâî and his exegesis that contribute to the history of Islamic thought, Philosophy, Islamic sciences, Tafsir history and sciences and add different comments. As it can be seen from the opinion that al-Mîzân is not a compilation exegesis, but an original work with all its features. His Tafsir is an encyclopaedic tafsir because of making explanations in many science fields. The most important feature of "al-Mîzân" is that it interprets the Quran with the Quran. According to Tabâtabâî this feature is the first way to be used in tafsir. He claims that while interpreting the Quran with hadiths, the hadiths should be taken from the imams of the Ahl al-Bayt, not from the sahabe. Imamiyya-İsnâ Aşeriyye belief principles were defended in al-Mîzân. In his exegesis Tabâtabâî correlated some ayat with Ehlibeyt removing them from his siyak-sibak. He tried to get his religious faith and especially imamate approved by the Quran. The mufessir used the Sunni sources and frequently criticized the Sunni scholars. In our study I applied conceptual analysis source scanning assay screening analysis terkib descriptive methods, I made analysis and synthesis.