Tâbiûnun sünnet anlayışı
MetadataShow full item record
In the historical process, the generation succeeding the Sahâbe (The IntimateLoyal Friends of Mohammed) is called 'Tabiun' (The Followers). This era isprobably one of the most interesting periods in the History of Islam. This period wasnot only an era of prevailing political instabilities filled with turmoil, but also an eraduring which rapid transitions and developments occurred. During this period, inparallel to the social and political unrest, the development taking place methodicalfield was remarkable.Islamic studies began to take root in this period. Methodical debates started inthis era, too. Many subjects began to be discussed intensively, re'y hadis being thefirst and most debated.The scholars in the 'Followers Era' used the term, tradition-sunnah, in differentsenses. Apart from its conceptual meaning, it was frequently used as the opposite ofbi'dat. This use was probably caused by the socio-economic structure of the periodthey lived in.Certain scholars in the 'Followers Era' viewed Sunnah and Hadith differentlywhereas some certain scholars viewed these terms in the same way. The scholars inthe 'Followers Era' have different views about the scope and obligatory sanctions ofSunnah. While some scholars saw it as practices and attitudes of Mohammed, othersviewed Mohammed's intimate friends' practices and attitudes as sunnah as well. Thismeans, while some scholars regarded the practical hadiths or certain hadithsconstituting foundations for practices as obligatory sanctions, others thought that allthe hadiths should serve as obligatory sanctions.The scholars in the 'Followers Era' had differing opinions about re'y. Someregarded re'y to be mandatory, whereas others did not agree on this and criticizedthose who stated their verdicts upon voting-re'y.The approach towards sunnah pursued by scholars in the 'Followers Era' werein compatible with their stands towards re'y - voting. In the interpretation of Nas andresolutions of the problems confronted, those favoring voting were mostly interestedin meaning and purpose of the hadiths rather than their surface meaning, whereasthose opposing voting refused to comment on sunnah and amend new regulations byprioritizing their purposes, as well.