Kadın emeğinin piyasaya yeniden çıkması: Dünya'da ve Türkiye'de kadın girişimciliği ve politik sonuçları
In the last fifteen years governments and international donor organizations have a special effort to expand women employment. One of the important ways of expanding of women employment is to encourage self-employment of women. International organizations and governments have been triying to set up employment possibilities for women with accord of changes in production technologies. The reasons of women self-employment are as follows: 1. Unemployment problems, which is comes from that governments are increasingly far away from the concepts of welfare state and social states. 2. In particular, World Bank and IMF's structural adjustment programmes needs of much nore women labour in the production of market economy. 3. Assumptions that gender inequalities in society will be extinguished by increased economical activities of women. After 1980 governments and international organizations increasingly needs the low-cost labour, because of women's growing contribution to capitalist accumulation. On the other hand, these institutions avoid the cost of social organisations, which are demanded by women. In present situation women are oriented to self-employment and then are going on to be responsible for reproductive activities of household. However, the policies of encouraging self-employment of women are not obstacle for women's low status without struggle of women to go beyond gender inequalities in self-employment area.