Anadolu avlularının özellik ve düzenleme ilkeleri üzerinde karşılaştırmalı bir araştırma. 2 cilt.
III ABSTRACT Ph.D. thesis A COMPARATIVE RESEARCH ON THE FEATURES AND PLANNING PRINC1PLES OF ANATOL1AN PATIOS ELMAS ERDO?AN Ankara University Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciensec Department of Landscape Architecture Supervisor: Prof. D r. Nur SÖZEN 1996, Pages: 547 Jury: Prof.Dr.Nur SÖZEN Prof.Dr.Yalçın MEMLUK Prof.Dr.Yüksel ERDEMlR As we are approaching to the 21st. century where national identity problem of the countries / settlements are in agenda, the evaluation and conservation of the cultural heritage is an important cultural act. in our country, after 1950's and especially in recent years, the rapid and unhealthy grovvth of cities has created both an unplanned urban grovvth and damages historic, cultural and natural assets in the name of development and globalisation. To put environment in an order originating from the prehistoric times and shelter which has a supreme importance in human life has brough the evaluation of many types of house formations in different geographic locations through history. For thousands of years Anatolia, the crossroads of history, the link betvveen orient and occident, has vvitnessed diverse people shaping the course of history. The home to countless civilisations, Anatolia has developed a unique synthesis of cultures each with its own distinct identity. And the Anatolian court houses that were formed due to the climate, topography, socio-cultural and socio- economic structure of the community are important culture sources. So, by the efficient use of vernacular/traditional court housing areas we caniv solve the sheltering problem vvhile sustaining this habitation and culture vvhich is unique for Anatolia. in this research, court - patio; the inseperable part of Anatolian house and it's evolution throughout history was set then, other settlements where patio is a common pattern and their interaction was inspected. in the frame of these data, the patio itself was analyzed in Anatolian urban vernacular settlements in case of the planning principles of the ground floor plan schemes of the houses and the patios. And an invertory study was made for the features of the courtyard and the plantation material. Aftervvards, the data obtained at local scale was used for the comparative study at Anatolian scale so, local and regional similarities and differences were gathered. On the follovving phase, the need for such a sustainable settlement - architecture and energy efficient design wereexamined and it's validity and solution in vernacular court- patio house was emphasized and the physical-conceptual aspects of the court house were discussed. Consequently, the court-patio house : that was formed due to the environmental conditions through the ages- vvhich will be a good solution for futurist city development and house formation and the need for such an inventory study for the efficient use of this approach in future was emphasized. Besides, the use of old cultural features for the future habitation developments was proposed. Key words: Anatolia, Patio-Court, Traditional housing, Anatolian house, Vernacular architecture, Sustainable architecture, Sustainable settlements