İbn Sina`da peygamberlik
MetadataShow full item record
According to Avicenna, prophets are necessary so as to providesustainability of the social life in a certain order, to achieve social justice in allthe strata and to live in peace with the all people.Prophets have a supreme reason, intuition imagination and power tomove. They are the supreme beings of all mankind. Reason in prophets isinnately free of errors, and thus being pure. Hence, they can easilycommunicate with the active mind. Via this, it is possible for them to getrevelations. Revelation is a kind of flow from the active mind to prophets? mind.The active mind has involvement in people?s acquiring knowledge. In thissense, philosophers, too, communicate via the active mind. However, theknowledge they acquired cannot be named as revelation.Prophets address to their people in the same language they can conceive.Not everyone is expected to conceptualize the Divine Wisdom in the same level.Thus, prophets are expected to convey the revelation in such a way that theaddressees should understand it by the help of certain symbols, signs and waysof expressions used by prophets.Prophets have significant duties to observe. They, first of all, shouldinform people about the Attributes of God, the inevitability of believing in Him,and the life after death. They should not only give refreshing news to those inquest for eternal felicity and the ones on the true path, but also warn the onesopposing to the revelations and being insistent on going astray.Since we will not have the chance to see prophets in every period andera, we, as people, should stick to the rules enacted by them, the practices theyfollowed for the happiness of entire human race.Though he was, to a certain extent, under the influence of the thinkersbefore him about the views on prophethood, he made a crucial philosophicalbreakthrough in this subject. The fact that Avicenna dwelt on the subject ofprophethood within the framework of Islamic Philosophy has contributed to theauthenticity of the Islamic Philosophy. He struggled to weld reason with faith;religion with philosophy trough his views on prophethood.