An overview of maxillofacial radiology education activities during and after the covid- 19 pandemic
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Objective: To convey the applications of online education in the field of maxillofacial radiology, which is widely used in the world during the COVID- 19 pandemic, and the post-pandemic education and training models suggestions in accordance with the changing world order by compiling the research results and literature information on the subject. Method: Different educational models applied in maxillofacial radiology before and during the COVID-19 pandemic were evaluated in terms of their results and activities by looking into published articles. In the light of these data, regulations, and recommendations were developed for post-pandemic educational activities. Findings: During the COVID-19 pandemic, the disruptions in educational activities at all levels and fields all over the world were reflected in maxillofacial radiology education. However, studies show that learning with online education in this field, especially in the interpretation of radiological images and problem-based learning activities, is at least as successful as or more than traditional education models. Online education also provides feedback to lecturers and promotes active learning, considered best practices for the teaching-learning process. During the COVID-19 pandemic period, theoretical education has been tried to be continued in the form of online education, although various some studies showed that online education is insufficient in practical education. In radiological interpretation, it is one of the biggest problems to ensure students' attention and effective participation in practical terms. In addition, online teaching of radiographic techniques and applications may not be as effective as instructive teaching techniques. After the pandemic, it is predicted that returning to normal maxillofacial radiology education will be challenging in both theoretical and practical aspects and there will is be a need to change. Results: Considering the strengths and weaknesses of online education models, whose application area has increased so much during the COVID-19 pandemic. The development and implementation of new, effective education-training models suitable both for the conditions and for everyone involved in education for the post-pandemic period, emerges as a necessity. After the pandemic, it is important to evaluate the blended education model in theoretical education, to make various changes in maxillofacial radiology practical training and to re-determine the rules of hygiene, separation and education.