Involvement of miR-770-5p in trastuzumab response in HER2 positive breast cancer cells
Dedeoğlu, Bala Gür
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miRNAs may play effective roles in breast cancer so modulating their expression levels could have therapeutic benefits. Recent studies have found the combination of miRNA-based therapeutics with conventional drugs as promising. This study aimed to find drug-responsive miRNAs, and explore their anticancer activities in HER2+ breast cancer cells and regulatory role in the trastuzumab response. qRT-PCR-array analysis was performed with effective concentrations of tamoxifen and trastuzumab treated BT-474, SK-BR-3 and MCF-7 cells. Motility and invasion analyses were performed with wound healing and xCELLigence impedance-based assays respectively. Viability of cells following mimic transfection and drug treatment was assessed by WST-1 assay. Western blot analysis was used to assess miR-770-5p regulation of proteins and their phosphorylated forms. The clinical relevance of miR-770-5p was examined by TCGA data analysis. The qRT-PCR-array results indicated that miR-770-5p was responsive in a drug and cell line independent manner. Over-expression of miR-770-5p inhibited the motility and cell invasion through regulation of AKT and ERK proteins. Additionally, miR-770-5p potentiated the effectiveness of trastuzumab. Thus, regulating the expression level of miR-770-5p in combination with trastuzumab treatment may simultaneously inhibit the downstream elements of PI3K and MAPK signalling, thereby blocking the proliferation, motility and invasion capacities of HER2+ breast cancer cells. © 2019 Noyan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.