MRI evaluation of the classification frequency and disc morphology of temporomandibular joint disc displacements a multicenter retrospective study in a Turkish population.
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Objectives Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) have been discussed in detail for various populations. As no such study has examined the Turkish population, we determined the frequency of TMDs in the Turkish population through a multicentric investigation using MRI. Methods This retrospective study examined 504 TMJs of 252 symptomatic patients who had undergone bilateral MRI investigation in four different dental schools. The image analysis included the assessment of disc position and morphology, and recaptured the coronal and sagittal planes in the closed and open mouth positions. The TMJ disorders were classified using the Clinical Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (CDC/TMD). The correlations among the groups of TMJs and disc morphologies were analyzed statistically using the chi-square test (P ≤ 0.05). Results Disc displacement and abnormal disc morphology were detected in 69.5% of the symptomatic TMJ patients. Of the joints examined using MRI, 154 were normal, 135 had anterior disc displacement with reduction (ADDwR), 145 had anterior disc displacement without reduction (ADDwoR), 30 had partial anterior disc displacement, and 18 had sideways disc displacements. Regarding disc morphology, enlargement in the posterior band was the most commonly encountered type and was observed in 152 TMJs. Overall, the average time for referral for treatment, which was defined as the time from symptom onset until the time of referral, was 1.5 years. Conclusions The most common type of disc displacement found in the Turkish population studied was ADDwoR. In addition, patients did not perceive the symptoms of TMDs as a disease and did not seek help until the TMJ derangement caused a major complaint.
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