Teos’ta Seramik ve Mermer Üretimi ile Dağılımı
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The recent archaeological excavations in Teos have revealed that the city had been continuously settled from the Protogeometric Period to the Middle Ages. Situated on a prominent isthmus, Teos possessed two major harbours, one to the north (Gerrhaiidai/Geresticus) and the other to the south (portus ante urbem), of which the latter seems to be the most well preserved harbour ever recorded. The urban fabric of the city appears to have developed between the acropolis and the southern port, consequently, having this unique urban feature, the city gained an important position in overseas pottery and marble trade in the region. The results of the archaeometric analyses (NAA) of kiln wasters collected from the site, have demonstrated that the city was one of the most important pottery production centres apart from Chios in the northern Iona in the 8th and the 6th centuries BC. Soil analysis has also indicated that the element pattern designated once as B is essentially originated from Teos, (i.e. now, designated as new element pattern Teos B), and represented by 218 individual soil samples in Bonn soil database from numerous sites from Aegean, Anatolia, as well as from Levant, Egypt and further west, Sicily. The distribution pattern as well as the variety of these pottery samples explicitly indicate that Teos was one of the most important and prolific production centres of painted pottery in the Eastern Aegean throughout the Late Geometric and Archaic periods. On the other hand, it was epigraphically and archaeologically attested that the white marble as well as Tean grey marble (bigio) and Lucullus Marble (marmor Luculleum; africano) were widely used as building materials in civic buildings of the city. Particularly of these, Lucullus marble, was preferred in the construction of numerous public and private buildings in the Roman Empire, especially in Rome in Italy, southern France, Spain and Anatolia. These two chief material groups originated form Teos (marble and pottery) evaluated in this article indicate the crucial role of Teos, particularly in trade and interregional relations in the region from the Archaic to the Late Roman times.
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