Konstantin Paustovski`nin öykü sanatı
ÜÇGÜL, Sevinç (Yazar)
AYKUT, Altan (Tez Danışmanı)
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Abstract This work is a scientific study of the creation and aesthetic world view of the great Russian writer Konstantin Paustovsky who is one of the representatives of the early beginings of romantism in Russian literature in the first half of 20-th century. It is known that the main method and style of Russian literature of that time was social realism in the frame of which, K. Paustovsky reflected his own sense of contemporary direction to neo- romantism. Konstantin Paustovsky, Russia's most powerful artist in short stories is known and studied not only in Russia but all over the world, however, there are no scientific studies of his works in Turkey. This is the main reason of this study. We liked to show our understanding of the richness and potential of his creation. This is his aesthetic theories and the particularities of his style, that sometimes is reportorial, sometimes psychological, sometimes dominantly realistic, and sometimes predominantly romantic. We made a chronology of his works considering the move of his aesthetic world view from the realistic tradition to the neo-romantist. We determined three main periods. I period - from the beginning till the years 30 th. II period -till the years 50 th HI period -the last ears of his life Looking at his creation generally we have also tried to look in some detail at the main subjects of his short stories, that representa humanistic exploring of individual lives within the social and moral web. Considering the subjects of his short stories we found main subjects: 1. LOVE 2. NATURE 3. ARTISTS 4. WAR The history of the autors view can be described as a history of cultural epochs expressing themselves as multi-faceted forms, with a parallel development of subjects where in every artistic form there lies a significant story. Analising Artistic style of this writer we concluded that the most visible feat of his style are metaphor, allegory, personification, individual style of the hero's langauge that seemed in tune with contemporary romantism, sentimentalism, and symbolism.